Alkaline Ionized Water , pH, ORP and Diatomic Hydrogen Water
The ability to produce high concentrations of molecular hydrogen at a pH of around 9.5 is probably the most important thing to consider when choosing a water ionizer.
Alkaline ionized water(AIO) or Electrolisys Reduced Water (ERW) is most efficiently produced by using an electric water ionizer. Alkaline ionized water (also molecular hydrogen water) is marketed by many names. Until recently this water was commonly referred to scientifically as Electrolyzed Reduced Water (ERW).
Now, scientists are often referring to it as Molecular Hydrogen Water. This is because research (especially in the past 10 years) has shown that the dissolved molecular hydrogen gas (H2), present in water created by electric water ionizers, is what is mainly responsible for its many benefits. Perhaps the most accurate name is electrolytically-produced, hydrogen-enriched, alkaline water.
Why molecular hydrogen H2 (water)
is good for your health regimen?
H2 molecular hydrogen (water) is the Master Antioxidant
Molecular hydrogen is the smallest element and lightest molecule so it easily diffuses into subcellular compartments scavenging dangerous oxygen radicals and so protects DNA and RNA from oxidative stress.
H2 Molecular hydrogen Activates your Body’s own Powerful Enzymes
Molecular hydrogen H2 triggers the activation of additional antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione and other cell-protective proteins.
Research Suggests Therapeutic Benefit of Molecular hydrogen in Over 130 Disease Models
Over 500 peer-reviewed scientific articles indicate this fact. Drinking H2-Molecular hydrogen saturated water produced the vast majority of the benefits observed.
H2 Molecular hydrogen Can Favorably Alter Cell Metabolism, Signaling and Gene Expression
Research suggests that Molecular hydrogen H2 could improve cell signaling functions and provide anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and anti-apoptotic (anti-cell death) effects.
H2Viva – the most powerful and proven molecular hydrogen.
The Benefits of Molecular hydrogen (water)
Due to the large amount of research, over the past ten years, on the effects of Molecular hydrogen H2 in water, we now know that the hydroxide ion (OH-) is NOT responsible for most of the positive effects observed when drinking alkaline ionized water. The active antioxidant in ionized water is dissolved molecular hydrogen (H2).
In 2010, a review article, published in “Free Radical Research” stated; “It is not an overestimate to say that hydrogen’s impact on therapeutic and preventative medicine could be enormous in the future”. Since that article was published there have been over 200 peer-reviewed articles published, that focus on about 80 different diseases models, and that conclude that molecular hydrogen (water) appears to have a beneficial effect.
Great news for AlkaViva water ionizers customers:
We have tested (using Reno city water as our source) ionized alkaline water from 2 AlkaViva water ionizers, the Vesta GL 988 water ionizer & purifier and Athena JS 205 water ionizer & purifier. Both consistently on demand produced molecular hydrogen H2 concentrations of around .6 ppm at a 9.5 pH. Higher levels can be also achieved by slowing dowm the water flow etc. This is higher than test results obtained from any other water ionizer.
We are also happy to announce we now have a new series of water ionizers with hydrogen infusion technology that include the latest innnovations .
As you can see , the new AlkaViva H2 water ionizers can produce as much molecular hydrogen in alkaline ionized water as 1.6 ppm( up to saturation point!!!)
We compared the new AlkaViva water purifiers (2 filters) – ionizers with Hydrogen Infusion Technology H2. the water purifiers-ionizers(Melody II H2, Athena H2, Vesta H2) , water purifiers -ionizers with Double Reverse AutoCleanse System for electrode / water ionization plates DARC2, water purifiers – ionizers with SMPS power source and AutoAdjust technology (that dynamically & real time varies the power applied to the electrodes according to the varying mineral content of the filtered water that enters the water ionization cell), water purifiers-ionisers with SmartDesign electrodes (low power, small in size but energy effective),water purifiers – ionizers with 2 water filters (a water prefilter and water filter) , and water purifiers – ionizers with the most recent AlkaViva technology: infusion of hydrogen H2
Water containing dissolved molecular hydrogen H2 neutralizes only the free radicals that are directly toxic to cells and do not have a biologically important cell signaling role. Therefore alkaline, ionized water, with a good saturation of hydrogen molecules. appears to be an ideal choice of antioxidant.
The reason why the right brand of electric water ionizer is the most efficient way of producing H2 (hydrogen water) is because it produces, every time, consistent amounts of molecular hydrogen in the ionized alkaline water.
Non-electric water ionizers rely on magnesium in their water filters to make the molecular hydrogen water and the water filters need to remain emersed in water for a good while to get the levels of dissolved molecular hydrogen H2 they advertise. They are therefore more like batch units that will give no molecular hydrogen H2 if used for more than a liter or two of alkalized ionized water at once.
Taking the benefits one step further, AlkaViva water ionizers are the only water ionizers to give more than basic water filtration of the input water. AlkaViva water filters are the only ones that are USA made with results certified by an independent EPA laboratory-see results for AlkaViva UltraWater filters here. Failure to clean input water from contaminants means that certain heavy metals, pharmaceuticals etc present in your drinking water can also be made more bio-available once water is ionized.
Background on (electric) Water Ionizers
In 1965 the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (JMHLW) approved (electric) water ionizers as a medical substance generator which could help with gastrointestinal symptoms under the Pharmaceutical Affairs Law. Currently Japanese companies still get certified through the JMHLW. In Korea, the Korean FDA certifies water ionizers sold or manufactured in that country.
There have been numerous peer reviewed article published in the past 15 years on the wide-ranging benefits from drinking alkaline, ionized water from an electric water ionizer. In that time there has been no reports of any negative effects.
Water ionizers have been sold in Asia for about 35 years and it is estimated that about 1 in 8 households in Japan and 1 in 12 households in South Korea use an electric water ionizer. Electric water ionizers have proven over this period to be safe and efficient devices for delivering enhanced water(clean , alkalized & alkaline, mineral, antioxidant, hydrogen rich etc).
AlkaViva is the exclusive western Agent for Jupiter Science/ Emco Tech & BionTech water ionizers. These are the largest manufacturers of electric water ionizers in Asia that supply water ionizers to companies such as Samsung, Toyo, LG and Hyundai.
HOW ELECTRIC WATER IONIZERS WORK
Electric water ionizers produce alkaline ionized water containing dissolved molecular hydrogen at the cathode (the negative electrode) and acidic ionized water at the anode (the positive electrode).
Each electric water ionizer contains a water/electrolisys cell with water ionization plates/electrodes. A small electrical current is applied to these water ionization plates/electrodes. Membranes are placed between the electrodes to keep the acid and alkaline ionized water streams from mixing.
Only electric water ionizers are capable of consistently producing alkaline ionized water on demand that contains significant amounts of dissolved molecular hydrogen.(H2) enriched water.
Figure 2. Schematic of how an electric water ionizer works. Tap water is filtered, a salt solution may be added for strong alkaline and acidic waters, electrolysis is performed and the various ionized waters(acidic & alkaline) are produced.
Electrolysis in a electric water ionizer requires conductive minerals/electrolites to be present. In theory you can produce hydrogen molecules (H2 water) using pure water() but that would require a lot more wattage per area of water ionization plates/electrodes than the small amount needed in an electric water ionizer. But this is not good for water ionization plates/electrodes That is why AlkaViva sells a remineralizing water filter for use with almost pure water, such as that produced using a reverse osmosis water filtration unit. It is also beneficial to drink mineral rich water.
Four basic types of water are produced by an electric water ionizer (different brands produce variations on each type):
” Mildly alkaline ionized water for drinking
” Mildly acidic ionized water for topical use
” Strong alkaline ionized water for cleaning
” Strong acidic ionized water for cleaning
Alkaline drinking water (from an electric water ionizer) typically has a pH of 8 – 10 and a Oxidation-Reduction Potential (ORP) of -50 to -750 mV and a molecular hydrogen (H2) level of about .5 ppm. The higher/stronger the -ORP the higher the H2 but there is a level of PH above which the water may taste unpleasant and is not recommended – or necessary. Also, ionized alkaline water with PH>10 is not safe to drink for a long time
Acidic ionized water typically has a pH of 4 – 6 and a ORP of +350 – +750 mV. There is no molecular H2 produced in the acidic ionized water and this acid ionized water is not used for drinking but has many other purposes . It is possible to create a sterilizing 2.5 – 3 pH acidic water solution but this is not recommended as it can, over time, degrade the surface of the water ionizing plates/electrodes.
How Hydrogen Water is Created – using a Water Ionizer
The process of producing alkaline and acidic water is relatively simple (as well as dissolved molecular hidrogen in water): The H+ ions (acid) are attracted to the negatively charged cathode where they are converted to molecular hydrogen (H2) according to the equation: 2e- + 2H+ –> H2. Because pH is the concentration of the H+ ions, and the amount of H+ ions are being decreased (converted to H2) the pH increases thus making the water alkaline. (Note: pH is logarithmic, so a decrease in H+ concentration is an increase in pH.)
At the other electrode, the hydroxide (OH–) ions are attracted to the positive anode where they are oxidized to form H+ ions. Because pH is a measurement of the concentration of H+ ions, and the amount of H+ ions is being increased, the pH decreases thus making the water acidic. (Note: pH is logarithmic, so an increase in H+concentration is a decrease in pH.
At the anode, (acidic ionized water side) the H+ ions, or more accurately H30+ (hydronium) ions, are produced.
At the cathode, an equal concentration of base (hydroxide ions or OH-) is produced.
If the two are combined, there is no change in the pH of the water.
The OH- ion is attracted to the positive electrode (anode) where they are oxidized to form oxygen gas (O2) and hydrogen ions (H+). The OH- ion (hydroxide) is neither an antioxidant or an oxidizing agent. The hydroxide ion is not a reactive molecule – it contains stable paired electrons.
The hydroxide ion is a BASE, but it is not a biological antioxidant.
The H+ ion is then attracted to the negative electrode (cathode -alkaline ionized water side) and is reduced to a hydrogen atom which immediately reacts with another H+ to form H2 – molecular hydrogen gas.
The decrease in H+ ions results in a more alkaline water pH . Since there are more H+ ions (as hydronium ions) at the anode, the pH is acidic.
In other words, as you increase the pH, the H3O concentration decreases by the same amount that the OH- concentration increases. A 1-fold pH increase or decrease is a 10-fold change in the H3O+ concentration; changing the pH by 3 results in a 1,000-fold change in the H30+ concentration.
The actual diatomic molecular hydrogen produced and the pH and ORP vary due to the water ionizer used and the mineral content of the source water.
The ability to produce high concentrations of molecular hydrogen at a pH of around 9.5 is probably the most important thing to consider when choosing a water ionizer.
In ionized water ORP reflects the difference between the presence of dissolved molecular hydrogen H2and the concentration of H+. It measures the capacity of a solution to either release or accept electrons from chemical reactions. Oxidation is the loss of electrons. Reduction is GAINING electrons to become stable .
You can create a negative ORP by decreasing H+ (raising the pH) and/or increasing the dissolved molecular hydrogen concentration. You can make the ORP positive by increasing the H+ concentration (lowering the pH) and/or decreasing the dissolved molecular hydrogen concentration. Ideally it is best not to drink water with a positive ORP because it causes the body to reduce it at the expense of consuming electrical energy from the cell membrane. Tap water and most bottled waters have a positive ORP.
Having a negative ORP does NOT make ionized alkaline water an antioxidant.
The concentration of H2 is the determining factor of antioxidant power of alkaline ionized water .
Negative ORP is a general indicator of the presence of dissolved molecular hydrogen H2 (the actual antioxidant in alkaline ionized water) but it does not accurately measure the concentration. Because water’s pH plays a large role in ORP, you can have one glass of ionized alkaline water with an ORP of -800 mV and another with an ORP of -400 mV but because of the differences in pH the second glass can have more molecular hydrogen than the first.
Also once the pH is above 9.5, ORP is an invalid measurement of H2.
The ability to produce high concentrations of molecular hydrogen at a pH of 9.5 is the most important thing to consider when choosing a water ionizer.
A negative Oxidation-Reduction Potential (-ORP) is indicative of the presence of molecular hydrogen, but it is NOT a measurement of the concentration.
The Importance of ORP
- A high positive ORP (+ORP) kills pathogens by stealing electrons from the bacteria’s DNA, cell membranes and proteins.
- The high ORP (+ORP) of electrolyzed oxidizing acidic ionized water makes it an effective way to kill bacteria and viruses.
- Oxygen has a high ORP and can damage DNA and proteins.
- Molecular hydrogen (H2) has a very low ORP (-ORP) and is thus a reducing agent or antioxidant.
- Chlorine is added to tap water to kill bacteria because it has a high positive ORP.
- The ORP of the internal environment of a healthy person is always on the reductive side (negative). Human saliva and mother’s milk has an ORP of -70 mv, with some redox couples below -350 mV.
- Drinking water with a positive ORP causes the body to reduce it at the expense of consuming electrical energy from human cell membranes. Tap water, bottled water, rain water, RO water, have a positive ORP; most between 200-400 mV and as high as 500-600 mV.
- Optimal drinking water has a negative ORP. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that the ORP of drinking water not exceed 60 mV.
- Freshly made fruit and vegetable juice have an ORP of around -50 mV.
Other Ways of Creating Diatomic Hydrogen Enriched Water
You can breath molecular hydrogen H2 gas, you can inject molecular hydrogen H2 rich saline or use it as eye drops, you can bathe in it, you can put it on your skin, you can increase the production of molecular hydrogen H2 by intestinal bacteria … OR you can create molecular hydrogen H2-rich water created by an electric water ionizer or from hydrogen-producing tablets of magnesium .
Which method of producing molecular hydrogen in water is best?
Early research suggests that the most effective – and easiest approach is to drink molecular hydrogen H2-rich water.
molecular hydrogen (H2) water can be produced using electrolysis, dissolving tablets or dissolving molecular hydrogen H2 gas into water
Magensium tablets that dissolve in water are a convenient way to produce molecular hydrogen H2 rich water. Using the right form of magnesium mixed with other ingredients, a reaction takes place with water to produce dissolved hydrogen gas.[Mg + 2 H20 >>> H2 + 2OH-]. This is the most common method used by scientific researchers for human and animal studies.
This method can achieve high concentrations of molecular hydrogen that is further enhanced when electrically ionized alkaline water is also used. This method produces by far the highest concentration of molecular hydrogen H2 and is a great way to supplement the usage of clean, alkaline, ionized water taken during the rest of the day.
Magnesium tablets that are taken internally without being dissolved in water may also be effective (one published study) but these tablets are hard to dissolve, even in a buffered acid solution.
It may take several hours to release all the molecular hydrogen gas, and this is similar to molecular hydrogen gas produced by gut bacteria.
ATTENTION! There is on the market a non-electric water ionizer unit that claims to be capable of creating high levels of hydrogen water using water flow through (like an electric water ionizer) but in reality after about a liter of water flows through the production of molecular hydrogen H2 drops dramatically because the magnesium does not have enough time to soak and react with the water.
To discover more about AlkaViva’s hydrogen generating, electric water ionizers please click on following links:
diatomic molecular hydrogen H2 dissolved in Alkaline Ionized Water Products (you could drink around 4 liters per day as an adult )
- Enjoy molecular hydrogen water from an entry level price top quality water ionizer
- Enjoy neutral pH water rich in molecular Hydrogen form AlkaViva IonPia H2 hydrogen water ionizer
- Enjoy UltraWater & UltraFine 0.01 microns well water filtration as well as molecular hydrogen water with AlkaViva Elite Pure H2
- enjoy UltraWater filtration, ionization and hydrogen generation via a NON electric water ionizer at a decent price
- enjoy UltraWater filtration, ionization and hydrogen generation EVERYWHERE through a AlkaViva PHD pitcher