water ionizer electrodes in the best water ionizer cell
We drink alkaline ionized water for the healthy properties. The electrodes create the water electrolysis /ionization which deliver those benefits. When it comes to water ionizers, understanding electrodes in the water cell is like understanding the importance of your cardiac system to your overall health.
The water cell is the heart of a water ionizer. It consists of a series of electrodes (plates), each separated by a membrane. This page will explain how water ionizers electrode technologies differ and what that means to water ionizer performance and ultimately your health.
There is so much hype and misinformation about water ionizer electrodes or plates. Some say bigger plates are better. Others make you think that more plates are better. Some advertise more power applied on electrodes– like 800 watts – as if we were powering 20-inch sub-woofers. We are ionizing water. The reality is that bigger or more plates or more power means inefficient engineering and lower quality materials and manufacturing. More or bigger DOES NOT mean better water ionization performance. An often overlooked yet incredibly important point is that more power also means more heat, which means the platinum plating breaks down faster on the surface of the water ionizer electrode. This equals poor water ionization performance over time.
There is hype too around water ionizers electrode/plate type. water ionization performance is not about the electrode/ plate type, but rather the sophistication of the engineering and the quality of the materials and manufacturing.
Educate yourself on some basics and you will easily see why our Smart Electrodes offer you the most advanced engineering, along with the best materials and manufacturing. This means more efficient water ionization performance and lasting durability for electrodes/water cell/water ionizer. That is powerful. That is smart.
All things that smart shoppers look for.
Smart Electrodes start with the highest quality materials. We use certified 99.9% pure titanium from Japan and the highest quality platinum.
The electrodes are engineered employing an advanced flat design that offers more effective surface area than slotted or mesh plates of the same size.
Then the electrodes are robotically electro-plated using a proprietary technique. A computer controlled robotic arm is used to apply the platinum, under pressure, multiple times and from different angles that allows the most precise plating application. The resulting plate surface can direct a uniform electron flow and provide the most efficient power saturation.
AlkaViva’s proprietary electroplating process and the resulting Smart Electrodes feature technological advances and enhanced water ionization performance characteristics which allow superior water ionizer performance in the following ways:
- Superior platinum adhesion
- Superior conductivity which allows for lower power and higher water ionization efficiency
- Increased surface area; up to 3x the number of vertices as smooth dipped plates
- Optimized water flow dynamics over the plate surface due to vertices (increased water ionization performance proven in independent US EPA certified testing)
When you discover more about water ionizer Electrodes, you can easily understand what puts Smart Electrodes in a league of their own.
Get your PhD in electrodes by clicking on each topic below.
Titanium is the base material in every water ionizer electrode/plate, because it has proven safe and effective. It is corrosion resistant, has the highest strength-to-weight ratio of any metal, is very durable, and demonstrates the ability to easily change polarity, which is critically important in the water ionization process. The best water ionizer plates are coated with platinum because it was determined in a 1992 study by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, that platinum is the only entirely safe material to use in water ionizer plating/coating.
There are three basic types of plates:
- Flat Plate/electrode: The most common, basic and simple plate design.
- Mesh Plate/electrode: The most technically advanced configuration; also the most expensive to manufacture.
- Slotted or “Hybrid” Plate/electrode: A less expensive and less effective version of mesh plate technology.
Regardless of what you read, the most critical part of an water ionizer electrode is not the type but rather how the electrodes are engineered, what materials are used and how they are applied or manufactured.
Mesh or Solid electrodes/Plates?
Trust Our Experience.
We have led the industry in the evolution of plate design. Our oldest models used solid plates. We introduced mesh into the market in 2006. And, in 2015 we introduced our Smart Electrodes. In our 15+ years we have tested, sold and serviced all plate designs. We strive to achieve excellent top-end performance and importantly, performance that lasts over time. Here is what we’ve learned.
Different Plates. Different results.
Electrolysis plates – or electrodes – deliver the electrical current to the water which creates the desired alteration. Every company touts their own plate design. Some tout plate size. Some the number. Some both. The reality is that ionizer performance does not depend on those alone. Technologically, the conductive quality of the plating surface (effective surface area), membranes, power delivery and flow rate are all critical factors.
Traditional Flat Plates (oldest design).
Traditional flat (or solid) plates are the oldest design and were in our earliest models. They are still used in KangenTM models and others. They offer the largest surface area and are less susceptible to form scale. However, they deliver inconsistent power saturation as there is nothing to organize the flow of the current, that takes the path of least resistance. Think of a flat plate as a “flat” garden and the current as the water. When you water a flat garden, it runs to the low spots and pools. So too the current in flat plates. Because of this pooling, they have less effective surface area and are less efficient, and so require more power. High power can create heat that degrades the plating and decreasing performance over time.
Slotted And Mesh Plates (older design).
We were responsible for launching the mesh plate revolution in 2006 and sold them for over a decade. We have tested but never sold slotted plates. Mesh and slotted plates use the same principle. They employ a grid pattern to create a more defined path for the current to flow, with consistent distribution. Think of watering a garden tilled into rows. Water channels into the rows ensuring more even distribution. Even power distribution means better results with less power. However, due to the voids in the grid, they can have less surface area. So, some companies overpower their plates trying to get more performance – which hurts long term. Also due to the many nooks and crannies inherent in the grid pattern, we have found that they were more susceptible to inconsistency in plating thickness. They are also more likely to form scale in hard water areas. Therefore, performance over time suffers.
The Next Generation: Smart Electrodes.
What if you could combine the best attributes of each design and have the best of all worlds? You can!
Smart Electrodes are manufactured using a proprietary new technique. Robotics are used to electro-plate the platinum multiple times under pressure, and from different angles creating a unique grid-like pattern. This allows for a uniform flow of current and provides super-efficient power saturation. Our new Smart Electrodes offer you:
• A new solid-plate coating technique that delivers the thickest, most uniform plating which creates very even and effective power distribution .
• The largest effective surface area.
• More current to the water means better performance.
• More efficient (lower) power levels reduce heat and degradation.
• None of the design drawbacks that come with “nooks and crannies” in mesh plates.
• Superior performance (especially over time).
In short you get the benefits of solid. And mesh. In one new revolutionary plate design.
Long term research and development findings derived from a 1992 study by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare indicate platinum to be the only entirely safe material for use in water ionizer plating/coating.
Two distinct methods – Plating (dipping) and Coating; are employed to apply the platinum surface to the titanium electrode/ plate:
Plating: Also known as Cladding or Dipping, plating is the process by which a titanium plate is submerged in a platinum solution. This is the most commonly used manufacturing process due to its cost efficiency.
Coating: Also known as Electroplating, coating is a technically advanced process designed to achieve a higher degree of consistency and uniformity.
The two biggest differences between plating and coating are:
- The amount of titanium crystals produced
- The surface coverage characteristics
The following examples visually illustrate two distinct platinum application techniques, Plating (dipping) and Coating (Electroplating).
Plating or Dipping
Both dust and voids are clearly visible
Plate surface from above:
Black spot represent voids
X 6000 (Cross section):
X 6000 (Cross section)
AlkaViva Coating (Electroplating)
Note the distinct vertices (peaks and valleys) and a 3-dimensional crystalline surface, as compared to the inconsistent surface of the dipped electrodes.
Plate surface from above:
No voids, thin spots or inconsistencies
X 6000 (Cross section):
No voids, thin spots or inconsistencies
Prevention of Titanium Leaching
AlkaViva is able to totally prevent titanium leaching on the electrodes by two methods:
- Complete and uniform coverage. Our coating process surpasses all other processes in the water ionization industry to more completely and evenly cover the titanium plates with pure platinum, including all edges and all surfaces.
- More efficient use of power. This means we can apply less power more efficiently which creates far less heat and stress on the water ionizer electrode/plate during the electrical load phases.
View a certified analytical test result from the United States Environmental Protection Agency Primacy Laboratory for the State of Nevada showing that there is no plate leaching.
Optimal water ionization Results Without Additives
AlkaViva employs proprietary technologies which are able to achieve optimal water ionization-alkalizing and acidifying results without the use of (potentially harmful) solutions such as salt enhancers.
It isn’t ALL about Electrodes: Membranes
All water ionizers employ ion-selective membranes to separate the electrodes and enable the water to “ionically separate” the water into an alkaline and acidic stream. The membrane is absolutely critical in how a waterionizer performs. You can have a well-designed electrode/plate, powered optimally but if you have poor membranes, then you have poor water ionization performance.
AlkaViva’s Infusion Membranes are made in-house and are ultrasonically pressed, rather than chemically bonded. This provides you with a distinctly superior electrode membrane, designed to work specifically with our Smart Electrodes, giving you unmatched water ionization performance-pH, -ORP, H2.
usage of more watts and amps , spreading the same input voltage over a larger surface area results in less efficiency. This does not deliver the power evenly or efficiently and must do so with greater resistance.
More power means more heat, which means the platinum plating breaks down faster on the surface of the water ionizer electrode. This equals poor water ionization performance over time.
So now you can see that in truth, bigger electrode is not better. This is why the electronics industry (and others) has shown that when technology advances, it typically results in smaller, more powerful and devices. Why would water ionizers be any different? The truth is they are not.