UltraWater Testing expanded by 45% to 249 Contaminants, including “Forever Chemicals”!
UltraWater Testing expanded by 45% to 249 Contaminants, including “Forever Chemicals”!
Alkaline ionized water, obliterating arteritis and diabetes – ionized alkaline water saves from amputation one leg of the patient with obliterated arteritis and diabetes
“I write these lines both for my facebook friends and for the multitude of patients suffering from diabetes and implicitly by obliterant arteritis and who sooner or later reach stents mounted in coronary, iliac, subclavicular arteries, or worse -amputation of the lower limbs.
I retired in 2002 following a myocardial infarction and since then the troubles (medical problems) have kept coming.
Due to the insulin-induced diabetes diagnosed in the 1990s, between 2002-2005, three (2-foot) surgeries were done to replace the arteries (due to massive atheroma deposits) with femoral-popliteal vascular prostheses (by-passes) at the right foot twice.
In 2011, the right foot bypass began to close (by deposition of the atheroma), which made the stenosis of the arteries under the knee (tibial and peronian) almost reach 100%. Having had major coronary problems, the doctors refused to change my right foot bypass (it would have been the third time and recommended me to make a daily infusion of “vasaprosta”( expensive and which was distributed by CNAS with special approval) for 30 days, the procedure being considered (then) as a means of rescuing the foot from amputation.
In my case this procedure (vasaphase infusions) proved to have the effect of rubbing with “Galenica” on an acacia wood leg. As the number of infusions increased, the pain of the foot soles was increasing and the leg was all the time cold.
I informed him several times of the doctor under whose supervision these perfusions were being made, of the evolution of the disease (unbearable pain and cold leg) but not only did he not count me but he did not even take a strain on my leg. For peace reasons I do not give the name of the doc!
After 20 days of infusions, one morning after I woke up, I noticed that my toes were black and soaked. We had the gangrene.
I turned to emergency and the surgeon at the vascular surgery department (as a day of rest) refused to interfere because they did not cut off fingers and advised emergency staff to call the surgery department for leg amputation.
I went to Bucharest and admitted to the Emergency University Hospital at the Vascular Surgery Clinic.
On December 6, 2011 I my right leg fingers were amputated . Because the gangrene continued, on December 9 I underwent a new metatarsal amputation and replaced my vascular prosthesis with a saphenous vein harvested from the amputee foot
On December 12, I had a heart attack and I was admitted to intensive care. On December 15 we made a cardiac arrest and I was intubated …
I stayed intubated for several days in incapacity, while my lungs were sucked several times a day.
After I was discharged from intensive care, I was admitted to cardiology and after a while I began to cough more and more. I was treated with bronchitis until discharge from the hospital
The cough continued after discharge and eventually I went to emergency in Constanta at the Otolaryngology section, where it was ascertained that due to intensive care suction maneuvers, after the cardiac arrest, my trachea was injured, which led to the appearance of an excrescence that finally almost obstructed my trachea.
I had surgery (post-tubal tracheostomy) and through surgery I was mounted a plastic cannula under the apple of Adam through which we breathe.
The operation of the foot has never healed.
In June 2013, I was implanted (I do not know if the term is correct) 5 stents in the coronary hearts at Fundeni Hospital.
In September 2013 (year with bad luck) the foot pain again began to amputate, having to accept a new amputation this time above the knee.
Finally, in September, three successive amputations were made at my right foot by a “great” doctor professor, but more about the professionalism and competence of the individual maybe another time.
After the third amputation, I went home with half the stools from the bumps and with my leg in the amputation area. After another month of home treatment, a nurse in surgery managed to heal my dent.
Since spring last year, my left foot, which has a femur-popliteal prosthesis since 2004 (they are guaranteed for 5-6 years) has started to hurt and the situation worsens in the beginning of 2017, with all medications, ointments and massages (including lymphatic) that have been given and done all along.
In February 2017, I did a vascular / arterial doppler exam that revealed that the bypass has a 70% stenosis, the anterior tibial is oval, the posterior tibial has 98% occlusion, and the peroneal artery has a 98% occlusion. Finally, the cardiologist who did my doppler exam, probably to encourage me, said that in 2-3 weeks I will get to left foot amputation and showed me where they were going to amputate ….
I have a good friend and colleague from high school class, the energetic engineer GIDEA- SANDUTU VERGICA from Filiasi whom I told of my misfortune and that soon I will lose my left leg through amputation
Very relaxed and with great confidence he told me that I do not have to worry -they will not amputate my leg as he’ll help solve my problem. I replied that it was not good a joke … not to say anything else. He explained that there was no joke, that he would not allow himself to make jokes with me in the given situation and asked me if I heard anything about ALKALINE IONIZED WATER. NO, I said. I said that I do not know what it is, and that I do not think there is any drug in the world (which we also know, foolishness) that can dissolve the arteries deposits … much less a water,she would call it she-chiara, holy water or ionized alkaline water. Having realized he had no palpable arguments to convince me, he told me that this water produces absolutely nothing wrong with the body when drinking it and that he will send me water starting from the next day, having previously bought a water ionizer for producing this ionized alkaline water;he also told me that in my situation, I have two possibilities, namely:
– first, to expect the blood circulation to the leg to close definitively and reach to the gangrene and amputation,
-second to drink at least 5 liters of ionized alkaline water daily, the water that will melt the atheroma from the arteries, the circulation of the blood going back to normal and save my foot.
I chose the second variant, knowing it was terrible it’s hard to live without a foot and get you I do not think it’s worth the pain anyway, I think it would not be worth the trouble for those around you, I would have become a calvary (I do not know if I’m wrong about that) I began to drink ionized alkaline water, sent by my friend, in the first few days 3 liters after which, I easily drank 5-6 liters a day. By then, the foot was from the kneel down, cold and white, and pains and burns, especially at night, were unbearable; I got 3-4 ketone pills per night. After 2 weeks of drinking ionized alkaline water the pains and burns diminished and in a few days they finally disappeared. 3 weeks ago his leg warmed and so remained. On March 17 we went to a private clinic in Constanta and I did (against the sum of 800 lei, CNAS funds not yet allocated) an angio CT scan of the arteries of in the pelvis and lower limbs that revealed:
– thigh amputation its right;
– 50% bypass stenosis
– 70% tibio-peronian occlusion trunk
– posterior tibial artery
In the meantime I was scheduled to be admitted to the Emergency University Hospital of Bucharest and on May 12, 2017, I made an arteriography revealed that the aorta and the iliac shaft are permeable, the femoropoplite bypass is permeable and permeable gambling trunk. Arteriography is an invasive artery investigation and remains the most significant in analyzing blood circulation, measurements and images being made from within the arteries.
I will express in words what I felt when the doctor who made the investigation recorded her voice with the result of viewing the monitor on which the arteriography was displayed. Never before, in my life, a word so common as “PERMEABLE” had such GREAT significance and value.
I think the sun has appeared on my street, which is what I want. If you want to document and see that ionized alkaline water seems to be the universal medicine, you can find hundreds of sites about it and its benefits. In the meantime I bought a ALKAVIVA water ionizer !
I wish only good things!
.PS I WILL TALK AND ABOUT THE DIABETES SPPN …A FEW MONTHS AGO I HAD 40 MIXTARD UNITS IN THE MORNING AND 20 AT NIGHT
NOW- 20 UNITS IN THE MORNING AND 10 IN THE EVENING …
TODAY THE GLICEMIC INDEX IN THE MORNING WAS 124 AND I DID NOT HAVE ANY MIXTARD .NOW I HAVE GLYCEMIA 70 AND I HAVE NO NEED FOR MIXTARD ”
DESPRE APA ALCALINA IONIZATA Scriu aceste randuri atat pentru prietenii mei de pe…
Hydration is one of the most significant issues for combat sports as athletes often use water restriction for quick weight loss before competition. It appears that alkaline water can be an effective alternative to sodium bicarbonate in preventing the effects of exercise-induced metabolic acidosis. Therefore, the main aim of the present study was to investigate, in a double blind, placebo controlled randomized study, the impact of mineral-based highly alkaline water on acid-base balance, hydration status, and anaerobic capacity. Sixteen well trained combat sport athletes (n = 16), were randomly divided into two groups; the experimental group (EG; n = 8), which ingested highly alkaline ionized water for three weeks, and the control group (CG; n = 8), which received regular table water. Anaerobic performance was evaluated by two double 30 s Wingate tests for lower and upper limbs, respectively, with a passive rest interval of 3 minutes between the bouts of exercise. Fingertip capillary blood samples for the assessment of lactate concentration were drawn at rest and during the 3rd min of recovery. In addition, acid-base equilibrium and electrolyte status were evaluated. Urine samples were evaluated for specific gravity and pH. The results indicate that drinking alkalized ionized water enhances hydration, improves acid-base balance and anaerobic exercise performance.
Despite numerous scientific data, there is still no conclusive answer regarding what and how much we should drink to optimize sports performance. Until the middle of the 20th century, the recommendation was to avoid drinking to optimize performance. The first drinking guidelines were introduced by the ACSM to avoid heat stress in 1975, while hydration and performance were first addressed only in 1996 . At that time, athletes were encouraged to drink the maximum amount of fluids during exercise that could be tolerated without gastrointestinal discomfort and up to the rate lost through sweating. Depending on the type of exercise and the environment, volumes from 0.6 to 1.2 L per hour were recommended. These drinking guidelines have been questioned recently, and other issues such as over hydration and hyponatremia have been addressed .
The inconsistency of the results regarding hydration and sports performance arise from differences in experimental protocols. In studies in which dehydration develops during exercise, fluid loss of up to 4% body mass does not compromise performance, while in studies that induced dehydration prior to exercise, performance impairments have been observed after dehydration as low as 1–2% body mass . Several comprehensive reviews on the influence of dehydration on muscle endurance, strength, anaerobic capacity, jumping performance and skill performance in team sport games have revealed negative effects of dehydration ≥ 2% body mass [4, 5, 6]. Hydration is one of the most significant issues for combat sports, as athletes often use water restriction for quick weight loss before competition. During tournaments lasting several hours, combat sport athletes sweat immensely and increase their core temperature affecting muscle strength, reducing motor cortex activation, peripheral stimulus as well as the speed of reaction and power output .
Considering the vast amounts of fluids used during exercise, water seems to be the most often form of hydration. Water comes in different forms, with specific properties depending on its mineral content. The pH of water, as well as the proportions between SO42- and HCO3– determines hydration status and other therapeutic properties . Drinking hydrogen rich water in human nutrition is a rather new concept, and it is recently suggested for medical purposes and hydration during exercise [8–10]. Alkaline ionized water is being marketed as a nutritional aid for the general public for acidity-lowering, antioxidant, and antiaging properties. Some of the animal and human research has confirmed its effectiveness as an alkalizing agent in the treatment of metabolic acidosis [11, 12]. However, metabolic acidosis that occurs during high intensity exercise is a distinct form of metabolic alteration, when cells are forced to rely on anaerobic ATP turnover that leads to proton release and a decrease in blood pH that can impair performance [8, 13].
Anaerobic exercise metabolism leads to the production of lactic acid in the working muscles. Part of the produced lactic acid is released to the blood, reducing blood pH, and disturbing acid—base balance. Several studies have provided evidence that hydrogen ions are released from the muscles in excess of lactate after intense exercise . Two mechanisms have been proposed to explain this phenomenon. It seems that hydrogen ions are released both by a sodium-hydrogen ion exchanger and by a lactic acid transporter . Since red blood cells have a higher buffering capacity than blood plasma, the lactate generated during exercise largely remains in the plasma while hydrogen ions are transferred to the red blood cells and buffered by hemoglobin . One of the objectives of training and supplementation in high intensity anaerobic sports disciplines is to increase the buffering capacity of the blood and tissues . The use of sodium bicarbonate has proven effective in speed endurance and strength endurance sports, yet its use has been limited due to the possibility of gastrointestinal distress, metabolic alkalosis, and even edema due to sodium overload [8, 18]. It appears that alkaline water can be an effective alternative to sodium bicarbonate in preventing exercise-induced metabolic acidosis [8, 19]. Contrary to bicarbonate, alkaline water can be used on an everyday basis and has no known side effects. However, there are only few cross-sectional or longitudinal studies on the impact of alkaline water ingestion in combat sport athletes. Therefore, the main objective of the current study was to investigate in a double blind, placebo controlled randomized study, the impact of mineral-based highly alkaline water on acid-base balance, hydration status, and anaerobic capacity in experienced combat sport athletes subjected to a very intense exercise protocol.
Sixteen very well-trained males, who trained and competed in combat sports for at least 7.6 years, participated in the study. The athletes constituted a homogenous group in regard to age (average age of 22.3 ± 0.5 years), somatic characteristics, as well as aerobic and anaerobic performance (Table 1). The subjects (n = 16) were randomly divided into two groups, the experimental group (EG; n = 8), which received highly alkaline ionized water, and the control group (CG; n = 8), which was hydrated with table water. All subjects had valid medical examinations and showed no contraindications to participate in the study. The athletes were informed verbally and in writing of the experimental protocol, the possibility to withdraw at any stage of the experiment, and gave their written consent for participation. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Poland.
|Variables||Experimental Group |
(n = 8)
|Control Group |
(n = 8)
|Age (yrs.)||22.7±3.2||22.4 ± 2.8|
|Body mass (kg)||81.8±3.2||79.2 ±2.6|
|Wt—upper limbs (J/kg)||138±14||136±19|
|Wt—lower limbs (J/kg)||276±04||283±26|
|Pmax–lower limbs (W/kg) |
Pmax–upper limbs (W/kg)
Energy intake, as well as macro and micronutrient an intake of all subjects was determined by the 24 h nutrition recall 3 weeks before the study was initiated. The participants were placed on an isocaloric (3455 ± 436 kcal/d) mixed diet (55% carbohydrates, 20% protein, 25% fat) prior and during the investigation. The pre-trial meals were standardized for energy intake (600 kcal) and consisted of carbohydrate (70%), fat (20%) and protein (10%). During the experiment, and 3 weeks before the commencement of the study, the participants did not take any medications or supplements. Throughout the experiment water intake was individualized based on the recommendation of the National Athletic Trainers Association and averaged 2.6–3.2 L per day. In our study we used water which had a pH of 9.13 which is highly alkaline compared to other commercially available products. The water ingested during the experiment contained 840 mg/dm3 of permanent ingredients, and was classified as medium mineral content. The bicarbonate ion HCO3– (357.8 mg/dm3) and carbonate ion CO32- (163.5 mg/dm3) consisted the dominant anions. Sodium (Na+ 254.55 mg/dm3) dominated among cations. The water contained bicarbonate, carbonate-sodium (HCO3–, CO3–Na+). The chemical properties of both types of water used in the experiment (alkaline and table water) are presented in Table 2.
|Variable||Measurement Unit||Alkaline Water||Table Water|
|pH||pH||9.13 ± 0.04||5.00 ± 0.08|
|CO32-||mg/dm3||163.5 ± 6.3||14.98 ± 0.66|
|HCO3–||mg/dm3||357.8 ± 6.14||3.62 ± 0.12|
|Cl–||mg/dm3||26.4 ± 2.3||0.41 ± 0.03|
|SO42-||mg/dm3||7.81± 1.2||1.60 ± 0.09|
|Na+||mg/dm3||254.55 ± 7.1||1.21 ± 0.05|
|K+||mg/dm3||0.91 ± 0.04||0.30 ± 0.03|
|Ca2+||mg/dm3||10.00 ± 1.6||1.21 ± 0.05|
|Mg2+||mg/dm3||0.37 ± 0.03||0.40 ± 0.04|
Note: Data shows mean values ± SD of three analysis of each type of water
The experiment lasted 3 weeks, during which two series of laboratory analyses were performed. The tests were carried out at baseline and after three weeks of hydration with alkaline or table water. The study was conducted during the preparatory period of the annual training cycle, when a high volume of work dominated the daily training loads. The participants refrained from exercise for 2 days before testing to minimize the effect of fatigue.
The subjects underwent medical examinations and somatic measurements. Body composition was evaluated in the morning, between 8.00 and 8.30 am. The day before, the participants had the last meal at 20.00. They reported to the laboratory after an overnight fast, refraining from exercise for 48h. The measurements of body mass were performed on a medical scale with a precision of 0.1 Kg. Body composition was evaluated using the electrical impedance technique (Inbody 720, Biospace Co., Japan). Anaerobic performance was evaluated by a two double 30-second Wingate test protocol for lower and upper limbs respectively, with a passive rest interval of 3 minutes between the bouts of exercise. The test was preceded by a 5 min warm-up with a resistance of 100 W and cadence within 70–80 rpm for lower limbs and 40 W and 50–60 rpm for the upper limbs. Following the warm-up, the test trial started, in which the objective was to reach the highest cadence in the shortest possible time, and to maintain it throughout the test. The lower limb Wingate protocol was performed on an Excalibur Sport ergocycle with a resistance of 0.8 Nm·Kg-1 (Lode BV, Groningen, Netherland). The upper body Wingate test was carried out on a rotator with a flying start with a load of 0.45 Nm·Kg-1 (Brachumera Sport, Lode, Netherland). Each subject completed 4 test trials with incomplete rest intervals. The variables of peak power–Pmax (W/Kg) and total work performed–Wt (J/Kg), were registered and calculated by the Lode Ergometer Manager (LEM, software package, Netherland).
To determine lactate concentration (LA), acid-base equilibrium and electrolyte status the following variables were evaluated: LA (mmol/L), blood pH, pCO2 (mmHg), pO2 (mmHg), HCO3- act (mmol/L), HCO3-std, (mmol/L), BE (mmol/L), O2SAT (mmol/L), ctCO2 (mmol/L), Na+ (mmol/L), and K+ (mmol/L). The measurements were performed on fingertip capillary blood samples at rest and after 3 minutes of recovery. Determination of LA was based on an enzymatic method (Biosen C-line Clinic, EKF-diagnostic GmbH, Barleben, Germany). The remaining variables were measured using a Blood Gas Analyzer GEM 3500 (GEM Premier 3500, Germany).
Urine samples were taken at rest, after an overnight fast, at baseline and at the conclusion of the investigation. They were placed in a plastic container and mixed with 5 ml/L of 5% solution of isopropyl alcohol and thymol for preservation. Urine samples were assayed for the presence of blood and proteins. Specific gravity was determined using the Atago Digital refractometer (Atago Digital, USA). Urine pH was determined based on the standardized Mettler Toledo potentiometer (Mettler Toledo, Germany).
The Shapiro-Wilk, Levene and Mauchly´s tests were used to verify the normality, homogeneity and sphericity of the sample’s data variances, respectively. Verifications of the differences between analyzed variables before and after water supplementation and between the EG and CG were performed using ANOVA with repeated measures. Effect sizes (Cohen’s d) were reported where appropriate. Parametric effect sizes were defined as large for d > 0.8, as moderate between 0.8 and 0.5, and as small for < 0.5 (Cohen 1988; Maszczyk et al., 2014, 2016). Statistical significance was set at p<0.05. All statistical analyses were performed using Statistica 9.1 and Microsoft Office, and were presented as means with standard deviations.
All participants completed the described testing protocol. All procedures were carried out in identical environmental conditions with an air temperature of 19.2°C and humidity of 58% (Carl Roth hydrometer, Germany).
The repeated measures ANOVA between the experimental and control group and between the baseline and post-intervention period (3 weeks of alkaline and table water ingestion) revealed statistically significant differences for thirteen variables (Table 3).
|Wingate Lower Limbs Average Power Exp.||0.884||0.001||21.161|
|Wingate Upper Limbs Average Power Exp.||0.587||0.011||8.528|
|Wingate UL Peak Power Exp.||0.501||0.026||6.228|
|Wingate LL Total Work Exp.||0.567||0.045||4.822|
|Wingate UL Total Work Exp.||0.522||0.011||8.459|
|LA post exr||0.618||0.003||13.382|
|HCO3– post exr||0.632||0.002||14.724|
|K+ post exr||0.501||0.040||5.154|
Note: d—effect size; p—statistical significance
F–value of analysis of variance function
Post-hoc tests revealed a statistically significant increase in mean power when comparing the values (7.98 J/kg to 9.38 J/kg with p = 0.001) at baseline vs. at the conclusion of the study in the experimental group supplemented with alkaline water. In contrast, the control group which received table water did not reveal any statistically significant results.
Similar changes were observed for Upper Limb Average Power (from 4.32 J/kg to 5.11 J/kg with p = 0.011) and Upper Limb Peak Power (from 7.90 J/kg to 8.91 J/kg with p = 0.025) in the experimental group. The post-hoc tests also showed statistically significant increases in values for Lower Limb Total Work (from 276.04 J/kg to 292.96 J/kg with p = 0.012) and Upper Limb Total Work (from 138.15 J/kg to 156.37 J/kg with p = 0.012) when baseline and post intervention values were compared. The changes in the control group were not statistically significant. These results are presented in Fig 1.
Post-hoc tests also revealed statistically significant decreases in LA concentration at rest (from 1.99 mmol/L to 1.30 mmol/L with p = 0.008), and a significant increase in post exercise LA concentration (from 19.09 mmol/L to 21.20 mmol/L with p = 0.003) in the experimental group ingesting alkaline water.
Additionally, a significant increase in blood pH at rest (from 7.36 to 7.44 with p = 0.001), HCO3– at rest (from 23.87 to 26.76 with p = 0.001), and HCO3– post exercise (from 12.90 to 13.88 with p = 0.002) were observed in the experimental group. The other significant changes occurred in the post exercise concentration of K+ (from 4.15 to 4.41 with p = 0.039), in urine pH (from 5.75 to 6.62 with p = 0.017), and a decrease in the value of SG (from 1.02 to 1.00 with p = 0.001), all in the experimental group supplemented with alkaline water.
Acid-base equilibrium within the human body is tightly maintained through the blood and tissue buffering systems, the diffusion of carbon dioxide from the blood to the lungs via respiration, and the excretion of hydrogen ions from the blood to urine by the kidneys. These mechanisms also regulate acid-base balance following high intensity exercise. Metabolic acidosis is a consequence of exercise induced ionic changes in contracting muscles. Increased intramuscular acidity impairs muscle contractibility, significantly limiting high intensity exercise performance . Importantly, acid-base equilibrium can be influenced by dietary supplementation.
In the present study, we investigated the effect of mineral-based alkaline water on acid-base balance, hydration status and anaerobic performance of competitive combat sport athletes. The study participants were experienced athletes (Table 1), capable of performing extreme anaerobic efforts. We have chosen such an approach for two reasons. First, it is well-documented that consumption of alkalizing water can have a significant effect on the hydration status, acid-base balance, urine and blood pH [8, 10], as well as Ca metabolism and bone resorption markers . However, the majority of these research reports have been performed on sedentary individuals  or on subjects with self-reported physical activity . Second, alkalization by alkaline water has been mostly discussed in the context of dehydration and aerobic performance . Therefore, our study is novel by including both well trained combat sport athletes and the use of an extremely intensive anaerobic exercise protocol.
The exchange of ions, CO2, and water between the intracellular and extracellular compartments helps to restore acid-base balance following intensive exercise. There is sufficient data indicating that, supplements that modify the blood buffering system affect high-intensity exercise performance . In humans, especially well trained athletes muscle pH may decrease from 7.0 at rest to values as low as 6.4–6.5 during exercise . Ergogenic aids that help buffer protons attenuate changes in pH and enhance the muscle’s buffering capacity. This in turn allows for a greater amount of lactate to accumulate in the muscle during exercise.
The results of our study are in line with the available literature regarding the impact of alkaline water on blood and urine pH at rest [9, 19, 25]. However, novel results of the present research are related to the changes in HCO3- after exercise in athletes ingesting alkaline water. Bicarbonate-CO2 accounts for more than 90% of the plasma buffering capacity. Supplementation can increase bicarbonate concentration in the blood and its pH. Since bicarbonate concentration is much lower in the muscles (10 mmol/L) than in the blood (25 mmol/L), the low permeability of charged bicarbonate ions precludes any immediate effects on muscle acid-base status . These results confirm the view that an appropriate hydration status is necessary for active bicarbonate ion transport.
Several lines of evidence support the negative impact of dehydration (>2% body mass) on muscle endurance, strength, and anaerobic performance . On the other hand, literature data indicates that consumption of alkaline water following a dehydrating bout of cycling exercise was shown to rehydrate cyclists faster and more completely compared to table water. Following consumption of alkaline water, the cyclists demonstrated lower total urine output, their urine was more concentrated (i.e., with higher specific gravity), and the total blood protein concentration was lower, indicating improved hydration status .
Our previous study revealed that the use of water with alkalizing properties exhibits a significant potential for hydration during anaerobic exercise . The results of the present study confirm a decrease in urine specific gravity (from 1.02 to 1.00, with p = 0.001) and an increase in urine pH as the result of consumption of alkaline water. These results illustrate that the habitual consumption of highly alkaline water can markedly improve hydration status.
The current investigation demonstrated a significant increase in anaerobic capacity (Wt−J/Kg) of athletes in the experimental group supplemented with alkaline water. The improvements in Wt following alkaline water consumption were influenced by positive changes in blood pH and bicarbonate. This phenomenon could be explained by the ergogenic effects of high alkalization and mineral ingredients.
High intensity exercise in which anaerobic glycolysis provides ATP for muscle contraction leads to an equal production of lactate and hydrogen ions. Most of the released hydrogen ions are buffered; however, a small portion (~0.001%) that remains in the cytosol causes a decrease in muscle pH and an impairment of exercise. Lactate efflux  and its oxidation are accompanied by a similar removal of hydrogen ions. The results of the current study demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in lactate concentration at rest (from 1.99 mmol/L to 1.30 mmol/L, p = 0.008), and a significant increase post exercise (from 19.09 mmol/L to 21.20 mmol/L, p = 0.003) when compared to the baseline levels with the values recorded at the end of alkaline water supplementation. The extremely intense 4 x 30s upper/lower limb Wingate test protocol employed in our study, with only short rest intervals between each bout of exercise, was a likely reason that less of the total lactate produced in the muscles was transported to the blood .
Muscle blood flow determines lactate efflux from the muscle , and is dependent on the activity of lactate transport proteins , the extracellular buffering capacity , and the extracellular lactate concentration . Thus, our results on lactate concentration are in agreement with the view that anaerobic performance (i.e., Wt−J/Kg, WAvr−J/Kg) depends on counter-regulatory variables. Indeed, we demonstrated that changes in resting blood pH and HCO3– significantly improved anaerobic performance.
Another variable that can affect anaerobic performance includes blood viscosity. Weidmann et al. (2016) showed that the intake of highly alkaline water decreased blood viscosity by 6.30%, compared to table water (3.36%) in 100 recreationally active female and male subjects. Therefore, it may be possible that the excess of metabolic end-products (namely, H+ and Pi), which disturb cellular homeostasis and muscle contraction, are more effectively transported. The available literature data does not specify clearly which components of buffering capacity are altered by the above changes. It must be indicated, that there are several methods available to determine muscle buffering capacity. Due to the methodological complexity, none of these methods are free from criticism. In most studies buffering capacity has been determined in vitro by titration, which does not include trans-membrane transport of acid-base substances or dynamic buffering by biochemical processes occurring in vivo .
Most studies show a documented ergogenic effect of bicarbonate loading during exhaustive exercise lasting 1–7 min, when anaerobic glycolysis plays a major role in energy provision . The rationale for the ergogenic effect of bicarbonate is that the increase in extracellular pH and bicarbonate will enhance the efflux of lactate and H+ from muscle. There is also evidence that the ergogenic effect of bicarbonate is more pronounced during repeated sprints than during sustained exercise .
Different strategies used for improving buffering capacity of tissues and blood do not allow for a direct comparison. Despite this, there appears to exist an ergogenic effect in response to NaHCO3–, what may explain the large effect size noted by Tobias et al. . In our research we obtained large effect sizes with regards to 4 variables (Average power of the lower limbs, resting HCO3–, resting blood pH and urine SG).
The results of the present study indicate that drinking alkalized water improves hydration status, acid-base balance, and high intensity anaerobic exercise performance. It appears that both greater muscle buffering capacity and enhanced removal of protons, resulting in increased glycolytic ATP production, may be responsible for these effects. Considering the energy demands and the intense sweat rate of combat sport athletes, the authors recommend the daily intake of 3–4 L of highly alkaline mineralized water to improve hydration and anaerobic performance during training and competition.
Stress test data.
This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Poland under Grant NRSA3 03953 and NRSA4 040 54.
This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Poland under Grant NRSA3 03953 and NRSA4 040 54.
All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files.
Articles from PLoS ONE are provided here courtesy of Public Library of Science
Molecular Hydrogen is the lightest and simplest element making it easy to absorb by your body. Over 500 studies show that biatomic molecular hydrogen or H2 has a therapeutic benefit in 140 health conditions and disease models.
Athena H2 water purifier, ionizer and diatomic molecular hydrogen H2 water generator will produce approximately 20% less –ORP and H2 than the AlkaViva Vesta H2 water purifier, ionizer and diatomic molecular hydrogen H2 water generator *.
The Melody II water purifier, ionizer and diatomic molecular hydrogen H2 water generator will produce approximately 40% – 50% less –ORP and H2 than the Vesta H2water purifier, ionizer and diatomic molecular hydrogen H2 water generator *. *Depending on your water source
The ability to produce high concentrations of molecular hydrogen at a pH of around 9.5 is probably the most important thing to consider when choosing a water ionizer.
Alkaline ionized water(AIO) or Electrolisys Reduced Water (ERW) is most efficiently produced by using an electric water ionizer. Alkaline ionized water (also molecular hydrogen water) is marketed by many names. Until recently this water was commonly referred to scientifically as Electrolyzed Reduced Water (ERW).
Now, scientists are often referring to it as Molecular Hydrogen Water. This is because research (especially in the past 10 years) has shown that the dissolved molecular hydrogen gas (H2), present in water created by electric water ionizers, is what is mainly responsible for its many benefits. Perhaps the most accurate name is electrolytically-produced, hydrogen-enriched, alkaline water.
H2 molecular hydrogen (water) is the Master Antioxidant
Molecular hydrogen is the smallest element and lightest molecule so it easily diffuses into subcellular compartments scavenging dangerous oxygen radicals and so protects DNA and RNA from oxidative stress.
H2 Molecular hydrogen Activates your Body’s own Powerful Enzymes
Molecular hydrogen H2 triggers the activation of additional antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione and other cell-protective proteins.
Research Suggests Therapeutic Benefit of Molecular hydrogen in Over 130 Disease Models
Over 500 peer-reviewed scientific articles indicate this fact. Drinking H2-Molecular hydrogen saturated water produced the vast majority of the benefits observed.
H2 Molecular hydrogen Can Favorably Alter Cell Metabolism, Signaling and Gene Expression
Research suggests that Molecular hydrogen H2 could improve cell signaling functions and provide anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and anti-apoptotic (anti-cell death) effects.
The Benefits of Molecular hydrogen (water)
Due to the large amount of research, over the past ten years, on the effects of Molecular hydrogen H2 in water, we now know that the hydroxide ion (OH-) is NOT responsible for most of the positive effects observed when drinking alkaline ionized water. The active antioxidant in ionized water is dissolved molecular hydrogen (H2).
In 2010, a review article, published in “Free Radical Research” stated; “It is not an overestimate to say that hydrogen’s impact on therapeutic and preventative medicine could be enormous in the future”. Since that article was published there have been over 200 peer-reviewed articles published, that focus on about 80 different diseases models, and that conclude that molecular hydrogen (water) appears to have a beneficial effect.
Great news for AlkaViva water ionizers customers:
We have tested (using Reno city water as our source) ionized alkaline water from 2 AlkaViva water ionizers, the Vesta GL 988 water ionizer & purifier and Athena JS 205 water ionizer & purifier. Both consistently on demand produced molecular hydrogen H2 concentrations of around .6 ppm at a 9.5 pH. Higher levels can be also achieved by slowing dowm the water flow etc. This is higher than test results obtained from any other water ionizer.
We are also happy to announce we now have a new series of water ionizers with hydrogen infusion technology that include the latest innnovations .
As you can see , the new AlkaViva H2 water ionizers can produce as much molecular hydrogen in alkaline ionized water as 1.6 ppm( up to saturation point!!!)
We compared the new AlkaViva water purifiers (2 filters) – ionizers with Hydrogen Infusion Technology H2. the water purifiers-ionizers(Melody II H2, Athena H2, Vesta H2) , water purifiers -ionizers with Double Reverse AutoCleanse System for electrode / water ionization plates DARC2, water purifiers – ionizers with SMPS power source and AutoAdjust technology (that dynamically & real time varies the power applied to the electrodes according to the varying mineral content of the filtered water that enters the water ionization cell), water purifiers-ionisers with SmartDesign electrodes (low power, small in size but energy effective),water purifiers – ionizers with 2 water filters (a water prefilter and water filter) , and water purifiers – ionizers with the most recent AlkaViva technology: infusion of hydrogen H2
Water containing dissolved molecular hydrogen H2 neutralizes only the free radicals that are directly toxic to cells and do not have a biologically important cell signaling role. Therefore alkaline, ionized water, with a good saturation of hydrogen molecules. appears to be an ideal choice of antioxidant.
The reason why the right brand of electric water ionizer is the most efficient way of producing H2 (hydrogen water) is because it produces, every time, consistent amounts of molecular hydrogen in the ionized alkaline water.
Non-electric water ionizers rely on magnesium in their water filters to make the molecular hydrogen water and the water filters need to remain emersed in water for a good while to get the levels of dissolved molecular hydrogen H2 they advertise. They are therefore more like batch units that will give no molecular hydrogen H2 if used for more than a liter or two of alkalized ionized water at once.
Taking the benefits one step further, AlkaViva water ionizers are the only water ionizers to give more than basic water filtration of the input water. AlkaViva water filters are the only ones that are USA made with results certified by an independent EPA laboratory-see results for AlkaViva UltraWater filters here. Failure to clean input water from contaminants means that certain heavy metals, pharmaceuticals etc present in your drinking water can also be made more bio-available once water is ionized.
Background on (electric) Water Ionizers
In 1965 the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (JMHLW) approved (electric) water ionizers as a medical substance generator which could help with gastrointestinal symptoms under the Pharmaceutical Affairs Law. Currently Japanese companies still get certified through the JMHLW. In Korea, the Korean FDA certifies water ionizers sold or manufactured in that country.
There have been numerous peer reviewed article published in the past 15 years on the wide-ranging benefits from drinking alkaline, ionized water from an electric water ionizer. In that time there has been no reports of any negative effects.
Water ionizers have been sold in Asia for about 35 years and it is estimated that about 1 in 8 households in Japan and 1 in 12 households in South Korea use an electric water ionizer. Electric water ionizers have proven over this period to be safe and efficient devices for delivering enhanced water(clean , alkalized & alkaline, mineral, antioxidant, hydrogen rich etc).
AlkaViva is the exclusive western Agent for Jupiter Science/ Emco Tech & BionTech water ionizers. These are the largest manufacturers of electric water ionizers in Asia that supply water ionizers to companies such as Samsung, Toyo, LG and Hyundai.
Electric water ionizers produce alkaline ionized water containing dissolved molecular hydrogen at the cathode (the negative electrode) and acidic ionized water at the anode (the positive electrode).
Each electric water ionizer contains a water/electrolisys cell with water ionization plates/electrodes. A small electrical current is applied to these water ionization plates/electrodes. Membranes are placed between the electrodes to keep the acid and alkaline ionized water streams from mixing.
Only electric water ionizers are capable of consistently producing alkaline ionized water on demand that contains significant amounts of dissolved molecular hydrogen.(H2) enriched water.
Figure 2. Schematic of how an electric water ionizer works. Tap water is filtered, a salt solution may be added for strong alkaline and acidic waters, electrolysis is performed and the various ionized waters(acidic & alkaline) are produced.
Electrolysis in a electric water ionizer requires conductive minerals/electrolites to be present. In theory you can produce hydrogen molecules (H2 water) using pure water() but that would require a lot more wattage per area of water ionization plates/electrodes than the small amount needed in an electric water ionizer. But this is not good for water ionization plates/electrodes That is why AlkaViva sells a remineralizing water filter for use with almost pure water, such as that produced using a reverse osmosis water filtration unit. It is also beneficial to drink mineral rich water.
Four basic types of water are produced by an electric water ionizer (different brands produce variations on each type):
” Mildly alkaline ionized water for drinking
” Mildly acidic ionized water for topical use
” Strong alkaline ionized water for cleaning
” Strong acidic ionized water for cleaning
Alkaline drinking water (from an electric water ionizer) typically has a pH of 8 – 10 and a Oxidation-Reduction Potential (ORP) of -50 to -750 mV and a molecular hydrogen (H2) level of about .5 ppm. The higher/stronger the -ORP the higher the H2 but there is a level of PH above which the water may taste unpleasant and is not recommended – or necessary. Also, ionized alkaline water with PH>10 is not safe to drink for a long time
Acidic ionized water typically has a pH of 4 – 6 and a ORP of +350 – +750 mV. There is no molecular H2 produced in the acidic ionized water and this acid ionized water is not used for drinking but has many other purposes . It is possible to create a sterilizing 2.5 – 3 pH acidic water solution but this is not recommended as it can, over time, degrade the surface of the water ionizing plates/electrodes.
How Hydrogen Water is Created – using a Water Ionizer
The process of producing alkaline and acidic water is relatively simple (as well as dissolved molecular hidrogen in water): The H+ ions (acid) are attracted to the negatively charged cathode where they are converted to molecular hydrogen (H2) according to the equation: 2e- + 2H+ –> H2. Because pH is the concentration of the H+ ions, and the amount of H+ ions are being decreased (converted to H2) the pH increases thus making the water alkaline. (Note: pH is logarithmic, so a decrease in H+ concentration is an increase in pH.)
At the other electrode, the hydroxide (OH–) ions are attracted to the positive anode where they are oxidized to form H+ ions. Because pH is a measurement of the concentration of H+ ions, and the amount of H+ ions is being increased, the pH decreases thus making the water acidic. (Note: pH is logarithmic, so an increase in H+concentration is a decrease in pH.
At the anode, (acidic ionized water side) the H+ ions, or more accurately H30+ (hydronium) ions, are produced.
At the cathode, an equal concentration of base (hydroxide ions or OH-) is produced.
If the two are combined, there is no change in the pH of the water.
The OH- ion is attracted to the positive electrode (anode) where they are oxidized to form oxygen gas (O2) and hydrogen ions (H+). The OH- ion (hydroxide) is neither an antioxidant or an oxidizing agent. The hydroxide ion is not a reactive molecule – it contains stable paired electrons.
The hydroxide ion is a BASE, but it is not a biological antioxidant.
The H+ ion is then attracted to the negative electrode (cathode -alkaline ionized water side) and is reduced to a hydrogen atom which immediately reacts with another H+ to form H2 – molecular hydrogen gas.
The decrease in H+ ions results in a more alkaline water pH . Since there are more H+ ions (as hydronium ions) at the anode, the pH is acidic.
In other words, as you increase the pH, the H3O concentration decreases by the same amount that the OH- concentration increases. A 1-fold pH increase or decrease is a 10-fold change in the H3O+ concentration; changing the pH by 3 results in a 1,000-fold change in the H30+ concentration.
The actual diatomic molecular hydrogen produced and the pH and ORP vary due to the water ionizer used and the mineral content of the source water.
The ability to produce high concentrations of molecular hydrogen at a pH of around 9.5 is probably the most important thing to consider when choosing a water ionizer.
In ionized water ORP reflects the difference between the presence of dissolved molecular hydrogen H2and the concentration of H+. It measures the capacity of a solution to either release or accept electrons from chemical reactions. Oxidation is the loss of electrons. Reduction is GAINING electrons to become stable .
You can create a negative ORP by decreasing H+ (raising the pH) and/or increasing the dissolved molecular hydrogen concentration. You can make the ORP positive by increasing the H+ concentration (lowering the pH) and/or decreasing the dissolved molecular hydrogen concentration. Ideally it is best not to drink water with a positive ORP because it causes the body to reduce it at the expense of consuming electrical energy from the cell membrane. Tap water and most bottled waters have a positive ORP.
Having a negative ORP does NOT make ionized alkaline water an antioxidant.
The concentration of H2 is the determining factor of antioxidant power of alkaline ionized water .
Negative ORP is a general indicator of the presence of dissolved molecular hydrogen H2 (the actual antioxidant in alkaline ionized water) but it does not accurately measure the concentration. Because water’s pH plays a large role in ORP, you can have one glass of ionized alkaline water with an ORP of -800 mV and another with an ORP of -400 mV but because of the differences in pH the second glass can have more molecular hydrogen than the first.
Also once the pH is above 9.5, ORP is an invalid measurement of H2.
The ability to produce high concentrations of molecular hydrogen at a pH of 9.5 is the most important thing to consider when choosing a water ionizer.
A negative Oxidation-Reduction Potential (-ORP) is indicative of the presence of molecular hydrogen, but it is NOT a measurement of the concentration.
The Importance of ORP
Other Ways of Creating Diatomic Hydrogen Enriched Water
You can breath molecular hydrogen H2 gas, you can inject molecular hydrogen H2 rich saline or use it as eye drops, you can bathe in it, you can put it on your skin, you can increase the production of molecular hydrogen H2 by intestinal bacteria … OR you can create molecular hydrogen H2-rich water created by an electric water ionizer or from hydrogen-producing tablets of magnesium .
Which method of producing molecular hydrogen in water is best?
Early research suggests that the most effective – and easiest approach is to drink molecular hydrogen H2-rich water.
molecular hydrogen (H2) water can be produced using electrolysis, dissolving tablets or dissolving molecular hydrogen H2 gas into water
Magensium tablets that dissolve in water are a convenient way to produce molecular hydrogen H2 rich water. Using the right form of magnesium mixed with other ingredients, a reaction takes place with water to produce dissolved hydrogen gas.[Mg + 2 H20 >>> H2 + 2OH-]. This is the most common method used by scientific researchers for human and animal studies.
This method can achieve high concentrations of molecular hydrogen that is further enhanced when electrically ionized alkaline water is also used. This method produces by far the highest concentration of molecular hydrogen H2 and is a great way to supplement the usage of clean, alkaline, ionized water taken during the rest of the day.
Magnesium tablets that are taken internally without being dissolved in water may also be effective (one published study) but these tablets are hard to dissolve, even in a buffered acid solution.
It may take several hours to release all the molecular hydrogen gas, and this is similar to molecular hydrogen gas produced by gut bacteria.
ATTENTION! There is on the market a non-electric water ionizer unit that claims to be capable of creating high levels of hydrogen water using water flow through (like an electric water ionizer) but in reality after about a liter of water flows through the production of molecular hydrogen H2 drops dramatically because the magnesium does not have enough time to soak and react with the water.
To discover more about AlkaViva’s hydrogen generating, electric water ionizers please click on following links:
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