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Water Quality Impacts Ionizer Performance

How Water Quality Impacts water Ionizer Performance

 

Water quality will play a significant role in how your water ionizer – in fact any water ionizer – performs and its longevity. A water ionizer requires mineral content to create those valued ionizations/ alterations in pH, ORP and to also produce molecular hydrogen H2 in water. Minerals are not only required, they are good. Calcium, potassium and magnesium all naturally occur in water and are called the “essential alkalizing minerals” because they are essential to our health.

The minerals in water are conductive. Conductivity allows for the electrical charge that produces the alterations we are seeking in alkaline, ionized water. Minerals provide a certain “vitality” to water.

Water that lacks mineral content, such as water from reverse osmosis or distillation, as no conductivity and is considered by many to be “dead” or denatured water. It is important to note that all water found in nature has some level of dissolved mineral content, so these types of “pure” waters are literally a man-made phenomenon. Our bodies are designed to drink water with minerals, to use calcium for bones and magnesium for the heart etc. and mankind has been doing so since the dawn of time. It is only in the last few decades, that we have been exposed to pure and mineral free water – often in bottles.

The more mineral content your water has, the more easily your water ionizer will alter/ionize the water and the better water ionization performance(pH,OR, H2) it will achieve and conversely. Water with a high level of mineral content is called hard water, while water with a low mineral content is called soft water.

That stated, all AlkaViva water ionizers will produce an ideal range of healthy drinking water, in both hard and soft water areas, unless used in extreme water quality situations. Please contact AlkaViva Technical Support if your water is unusually hard or soft as you will probably need pretreatment (more details below).

Hard Water Explained

 

What is Hard Water?

If you live in a hard water area, perhaps you have noticed mineral deposits on your dishes and hot water kettle, or rings of insoluble soap scum in your bathtub. These are signs of hard water. Hard water is water that contains high levels of scaling calcium, iron or magnesium mineral ions. These minerals do not pose any health threat, unless in very high amounts, but they can engage in reactions that leave deposits or scale that may damage surfaces or appliances.

Hard water mineral deposits or “scaling”, is the precipitation of minerals which form lime scale. Scale can clog pipes and can decrease the life of virtually all appliances in the home, especially those that use hot water. Scale can do the same thing to your water ionizer, decreasing water flow, water ionization performance and longevity of the water ionizer .

Signs of Hard Water

* Difficult to form lather with soap
* White mineral deposits on your glassware
* Soap scum in your bath tub
* White mineral deposits on your shower head
* White mineral deposits in your tea pot, iron, or other electrical appliance that uses water

 

Water Hardness and Water Ionizer Performance

A water ionizer requires mineral content to operate because minerals conduct electrical charge that produces the alterations found in ionized water. Water that has little or no minerals has no pathway for the electrolysis or “ionization” to occur. water Ionizers are designed to perform optimally within a specific range of mineral content in the source water; too many minerals may damage any water ionizer, too few you may experience decreased water ionization performance. With the right range of conductive minerals your water ionizer will easily alter the water and produce expected water ionization performance measurements in H2, pH and ORP.

Hard Water Treatment Solutions

To protect your investment properly, you must first determine the level of hardness in your water. You can use the Hard Water Test Kit that is supplied with every AlkaViva water ionizer, have your water tested, or get test data from your supplier. The following are AlkaViva’s recommended treatment solutions:

Extreme Water Quality Tolerances

AlkaViva does not recommend using a water ionizer without pretreatment of water that has one or more of the following measurements :

  • Hardness (or Calcium Carbonate) over 150 ppm (8.5 grains).
  • Iron over .3ppm.
  • TDS below 40ppm or over 600ppm.
  • Calcium above 50ppm.

Note: some reports will show “ppm” some will show “mg/l” – they are the same. Knowingly operating your water ionizer above these levels may void your warranty and/or decrease your water ionizer’s performance.
In no event shall AlkaViva or its dealers be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental or special consequential damages to property whatsoever, arising from use of its products with improperly treated or untreated hard water.

AlkaViva’s AquaSafe Water Quality Assurance Program

 

Many water  ionizer companies will sell you an expensive water ionizer and never mention hard water. If you live in an area that has hard water, that is like throwing money down the drain! To properly protect the investment you’ve made in your ionizer, and ensure you get the right pre-treatment at a great price, we are proud to offer our AquaSafe Water Quality Assurance Program.

AquaSafe Water Quality Assurance Program offers you two important water quality “insurance” benefits:

  • Hard Water Test Kit. Each AlkaViva water ionizer / H2 Generator includes a highly effective Hard Water Test Kit. The kit includes a simple-to-use hard water test strip which in less than a minute will determine how hard your water is (if at all). The test results fall in ranges of hardness. We include our recommended pre-treatment solution for each range.
  • The Most Complete Range Of Hard Water Solutions. The AquaSafe Water Quality Assurance Program allows you to purchase the appropriate pre-treatment solution within 30 days of purchasing your water ionizer ]

Other Considerations

 

water Softeners

AlkaViva does not recommend using a water ionizer downstream (or after) a sodium or potassium based ion-exchange water softener. If you have a sodium or potassium ion-exchange water softener, you will need to do one of the following:

  • Bypass the system (if the source water meets the above Water Quality criteria).
  • Change the plumbing connectors and install the water softener on the hot water only.
  • Install a Reverse Osmosis water prefiltration unit and water ionizer Remineralization Cartridge. The Reverse Osmosis will take out the sodium or potassium while the remineralizing cartridge will add healthy minerals back into the water.

Reverse Osmosis (RO) and water Distillers

water ionizers will not work well downstream (or after) a ReverseOsmosys or water distiller. Many homes with an ion-exchange water softening system will have an RO system. These systems remove virtually all the mineral content and leave the water with no conductivity. If you have an RO or distiller, you will need to do one of the following:

  • Bypass the reverse osmosys prefiltration system (if the source water meets the below Water Quality Tolerances).
  • Install an AlkaViva Remineralization Cartridge after the ReverseOsmosys system (an easy solution).

Soft Water Treatment Solution

Soft water is very low in mineral and dissolved solid content which gives water its conductivity. Such water would have a TDS below 40 ppm.

In areas with extremely soft water (or if using a rainwater catchment system), it may not be possible to achieve optimal water ionization performance of your AlkaViva water ionizer. In this situation, an AlkaViva Remineralization Cartridge is recommended. AlkaViva has incorporated a proprietary blend of 70+ organic and inorganic minerals into its Remineralizing Cartridge.

Well Water

The quality of well water can vary greatly and pose some health risks if not tested and mitigated. Well water needs to be tested before using with a water ionizer. Most wells are perfectly suitable for water ionizer operation; you just don’t want to be on the wrong side of that equation unwittingly.

The use of well water poses a number of questions when considering use of a water ionizer. In addition to measurements of water quality for water ionization performance and durability /longevity, health safety related issues are also important considerations when using well water.

Recommendation: Many states require a well water test report in the closing documents of a home sale. Many local governmental Health Agencies offer free testing of well water. We recommend contacting them first. AlkaViva offers at a discounted price a Professional Water Test done in a certified laboratory. More details here.

Important Notes:

  • Please contact AlkaViva if your water falls into any one of the above categories. If your situation requires additional technical assistance, AlkaViva Technical Support will work with you to find a happy solution. If your water is within 10% of two or more of the Extreme Hardness categories, you could possibly experience performance issues with your water ionizer. You may require pretreatment. Please contact Technical Support for guidance.
  • If you are uncertain of the water quality in your area, please contact your local water supplier and request the specific Water Quality information above. The appropriate phone number will be on your water bill. If using well water, contact your county or state health department to inquire about water testing services.

 

water ionizers / purifiers FAQ

Water ionizers & ionized water FAQ

Answers to  frequently asked questions about water ionizers/water purifiers  and water ionization technologies.

My new AlkaViva water ionizer has residual water in it. Is it used? Every NEW AlkaViva water ionizer is extensively tested by the manufacturer(EmcoTech/Jupiter water ionizers) to ensure proper operation before they are shipped to the AlkaViva warehouse. Therefore, there may be residual water drops coming from the bottom hose connectors. Not to worry, your NEW AlkaViva water ionizer/water purifier is not used.

What’s the best way to store alkaline ionized water?

“How can I store ionized water from my water ionizer? What kind of container should I use?” Whether you want to take your water to work or out to play, or whether you just want to chill your alkaline water in the fridge before you drink it, there are some things you should know. 1. ionized water from an water ionizer is best if consumed directly from the water ionizer immediately after producing it.  Ionized water has a high electron charge, which gives it its antioxidant qualities. Time, heat and light can cause the water to lose its charge, and therefore lose the unique properties & benefits of alkaline ionized water. Yes, you’ll still have clean, filtered and mineralized water… but you also want to be able to retain the low negative ORP that is one of the primary reasons for owning a water ionizer in the first place. I always use the analogy of fresh fruits & vegetables wich are best consumed right after they are picked otherwise they lose many valuable healthy benefits . Well, the same goes for ionized water. The same can be said about ionized water. When alkaline water comes out of a water ionizer it contains a negative ORP (an abundance of free, unbound electrons).  When stored in a container the ionized water will begin the process of losing its antioxidant quality as it “normalizes” with its surroundings.  How long that process takes to complete is based on the material and construction of the container that the ionized water is in. The antioxidant power in alkaline ionized water can decline in as little as 24 hours without proper storage, and pH levels would fall in about three days. Stored properly, alkaline ionized water can maintain high potency for about a week.

How To Store Your Ionized alkaline Water \

Glass Glass is always the preferred method of storing alkaline ionized water.

  • If using a glass container, try to use a UV protected glass, which is usually a dark color.
  • Fill storage container up to the top, thus limiting the alkaline ionized water’s exposure to air.
  • Store the container in a cool, dimly lit location. Avoid exposing the ionized alkalien water to heat and sunlight.
  • Drink stored alkaline ionized water within 72 hours for optimal quality and freshness.

Stainless Steel Regular stainless steel bottles are great for keep ionized alkaline water clean, as there is no “leaching” of dangerous chemicals from the container. But, the alkaline ionized water will quickly lose its antioxidant properties as the metal of the container is a conductor of electricity.  Therefore, if you are going to use a stainless steel container, be sure that it is a double-walled vacuum sealed bottle, as those types of bottles will slow down the ORP equalization rate.  Using these types of a bottles not only help to maintain the antioxidant properties of the alkaline ionized water, but are an excellent way to keep the water nice and cold during hot weather.

Plastic containers Plastic should be used as a last resort.for storing alkaline ionized water.  The only plastic bottles you should ever use should be made from certified BPA-free plastic.  Even when using this type of bottle, you are not guaranteed that your bottle will not leach other types of chemicals into your drinking alkaline ionized water.  Therefore, I would stay away from plastic bottles, if at all possible.

Keep Your ionized alkaline Water Refrigerated Refrigeration or freezing helps maintain the potency of alkaline ionized water. The alkaline ionized water should be put in a sealed container, and chilled immediately after it is made.  Also, if you enjoy putting ice in your water I would suggest getting yourself some stainless steel ice trays, and then make ice using your water ionizer water.  You don’t want to use ice that is made from your refrigerator’s ice-maker, as it is likely full of toxins that won’t be removed by the refrigerator filter, including fluoride.

Ionized water Right From The Water Ionizer Is Best There’s nothing more refreshing than a glass of healthy alkaline ionized water. Gotten fresh from a home water ionizer, alkaline ionized water has high negative ORP and a higher pH than plain water.

Drinking alkaline water straight from the water ionizer is always best because the beneficial qualities of the alkaline ionized water remain intact. This is the reason why ionized water cannot be sold as stored , the same reason why miracle waters from Hunza or Vilcabamba cannot be stored & sold. We know – we went to Vilcabamba, Ecuador to meet with the people in the Valley of Longevity and tested their water. If interested, please ask for our FREE DVD on this trip contact us or leave your mail address( we will not share it with anyone)  [contact-form subject=’Valley DVD’][contact-field label=’Email’ type=’email’ required=’1’/][contact-field label=’Comments(optional)’ type=’textarea’/][/contact-form]

Do water ionizers also  remove water contaminants , including fluoride?

This question should be about the water filters used  inside the water ionizers/purifiers. Water ionizers, by themselves, don’t really remove anything from the water. A water ionizer is an electronic device that ionizes water through water electrolysis into ionized  water stremas (alkaline and acidic ).

The question should be regarding water ionizers that include water filters inside them such as AlkaViva water ionizer(manufactured by Jupiter/EmcoTech). AlkaViva’s best water ionizers even include 2 water filters inside the water ionizer/water purifier to filter/remove all the potential contaminants in your water before water is ionized , so that you will enjoy not only ionized alkaline, antioxidant water, but clean yet mineral water as well.Only AlkaViva water ionizers such as AlkaViva Jupiter Athena JS 205 water ionizer & AlkaViva Vesta GL 988 water ionizer include 2 water filters inside the water ionizer /water purifier system. One of these 2 water filters can be a UltraWater Fluoride /Arsenic Shield – a water filter specially designed to remove Fluoride & Arsenic. Our quality Jupiter water ionizers also have water prefilters to prefilter the water before water is ionized. It should be noted that most water filters inside a water ionizer do NOT remove fluoride, because lab testing has shown that fluoride contained in the incoming water happens to “stick” to the acid water stream, and the concentration in the alkaline drinking water side is lessened.  The fluoride is attracted to the positive charge of the acid water, and will be partially eliminated.  But, when we are speaking of fluoride, “partially” is not good enough.  We want to be able to eliminate as much of the fluoride as possible .Why-read more about fluoride in water-click here

What is Ionized Acid Water Acid ionized water can be characterized by the following:

  1. having a pH range between 2.0ph and  lower than 7.0ph
  2. having an ORP of +800 to +1200
  3. having a hypochlorous acid component from 1-30 mg/l
  4. being micro-clustered
  5. being loaded with H+ (hydrogen ions), which acts as an oxidizer

There are 2 types of acid water; mild and strong. ‘Mild’ acid water is used for the skin, hair and nails while ‘strong’ acid water is used for cleaning and sterilizing. Uses Of Ionized Acid Water

How To Get The MOST Acidic ionized Water From Your water Ionizer? Although most water ionizers allow you to choose “acid” ionized water , which would then come out of the top stainless steel hose, there is a way to get the most acidic water from your water ionizer (the lowest pH). Set your water ionizer to the highest “alkaline” ionized water  setting that it will produce.  Then, slow the water flow rate down (either on the faucet or on an onboard flow-control valve, if you have one) to the slowest the water can come out while the water ionizer remains powered on. On most water ionizers with water flow sensors, if you slow the flow rate down too much, the water ionizer will shut itself off – so make sure it is slow, but enough that the main power stays on.  Then, collect the acidic water from the acid hose coming from the bottom of the water ionizer in a (glass) recipeint. Doing it this way will give you the most powerful acid water that your water ionizer can make. The results will vary from water ionizer to water ionizer, depending on the strength of the water ionization unit.

How can I tell what contaminants & other things are my tap water? There is a lot that we can learn about our water just by the way it looks, tastes, and smells. If you are concerned about the quality of your water it is always best to have it professionally tested(contact us of interested in professional water testing ), but we can also discover much about it at home. When using a water ionizer many things in our water can be condensed into higher, more noticeable levels. If you are on a public treated water system you can always ask for a consumer confidence report, or CCR. These are done annually to insure the public of drinking water safety. The easiest way to obtain these reports is to call your local water authority and ask for the most recent CCR.You can also ask them if they are using chloramines as a disinfectant. Chloramines are fairly new in the treatment of water systems in most areas, and may not show up on the report. Chloramines are definitely unwanted, and require a different type of water filtration than the standard chlorine water fitration methods. Although it is a great idea to look at your CCR, you can always take it one step further and have the water at your home tested locally. Keep in mind that the water reports provided are shown in averages and may not reflect exactly what is coming in to your home, so , if you are really interested in what;s in your tap water. it would be a good idea to test the water coming right from your tap If you are on a well water system it is important to test your water before running a water ionizer, as well water is generally untreated and can contain contaminants not present in treated water systems. Testing the water in your well can protect your health, as well as the life of your water ionizer. To obtain a water report you can call your local health authority and express concerns for your drinking water. They will usually have a place locally to do the necessary testing. The test you want to ask for is called “A Routine Domestic Panel,” and doesn’t usually cost an arm and a leg. Water reports will list a bunch of numbers that can be a little confusing, but once you learn to read the report you’ll be able to see exactly what’s in your water. The important numbers to look at will be the levels recorded – this is the amount found in your water – and the MCL, or Max Contaminate Level. In comparing these two sets of numbers you can judge if the levels are safe or should be addressed before using your new water ionizer. If the levels recorded for your water are lower than, or close to, the MCL levels you may want to consider water pre-filtration. You would also want to consider water  pre-filtration anytime you have specific concerns especially in areas with very hard water.Of course, you can always use our AlkaViva Reverse Osmosis System For Water Ionizers to remove the most common water contaminant concerns. We will be covering some basic at-home tests for testing drinking water contaminants, what they are, where they come from and how we can remove them.  There are many things the following tests can tell us, but certainly not everything. For example there is no good way to test at home fluoride, bacteria, arsenic, and many other drinking water contaminants without a professional water test(contact us if interested in a professional water testing). For the contaminates that we CAN test for at home, all you will need is your faucet and a clear glass.

The Way That Water Tastes Chlorine or chemical taste This taste is usually caused by normal chlorination, or an abundance of chemicals in either treated municipal water systems, or chlorinated wells. This is normally removed by your water ionizer internal water filter, but if this is not enough to remove the unpleasant and possibly harmful carcinogens we recommend using our UltraWater ionized water filter

Metallic taste A metallic taste is usually caused by manganese, or other heavy metals. These can be present in well water systems, and older homes with metal pipes. To remove these heavy metals we recommend our UltraWater ionized water filter

Water no longer tastes as sweet as it used to This is caused by the lack of iron present in your source water. Some folks complain that there water no longer taste as sweet as it used to. This is caused by the removal of iron. Although iron is a harmful heavy metal, it adds a pleasant sweet taste to the water. Often, after changing to non metallic pipes or adding a heavy metals pre-filter, the lack of sweetness can be present. Usually after a week or two, it is no longer noticeable.

Water tastes fishy, or earthy The fishy, or earthy taste is generally caused by harmless organic matter and is usually associated with surface water supplies. To remove this we recommend that you regularly change your internal water ionizer filter.

The Way That Water Smells Detergent, or soapy smell Sometimes a septic odor. This is usually an indication that you need to hire a plumber, or call your city water authority. This is caused by the leaking of a sewer system into your water supply, and should be addressed as soon as possible.

Water tastes fishy, or earthy The fishy or earthy smell, again, is generally caused by harmless organic matter and is usually associated with surface water supplies. To remove this we recommend that you regularly change your internal water ionizer filter.

Rotten egg smell from the tap Dissolved hydrogen sulfide gas in the source water, or raw sulfur deposits in a well water situation. Sulfur deposits are naturally occurring, and common in some areas. Dissolved hydrogen sulfide comes as a result of organic matter decomposing in a raw water situation, such as plant matter in a well (think of tree roots). This gas reacts in a water ionizer and can become much more noticeable after ionization, and is condensed into the alkaline stream. To remove this gas we recommend using our UltraWater ionized water filter

Rotten egg odor from hot water only Rotten egg odor from the hot water only is caused by sulfates reacting with magnesium anode rod in your hot water system, which will react to create hydrogen sulfide gas and cause this odor to only be present when using hot water. To remove the rotten egg smell you need to have a plumber replace the anode rod with one made of aluminum.

Chlorine or chemical smell This odor is usually caused normal chlorination, or an abundance of chemicals in either treated municipal water systems, or chlorinated wells. This is normally removed by your water ionizer internal filter, but if this is not enough to remove the unpleasant and possibly harmful carcinogens we recommend using our UltraWater ionized water filter

The Way That Water Looks White stains on cookware and in glasses This is a sign of high alkalinity, which is exactly what we do with our ionizers. Completely harmless and nothing to worry about, but not aesthetically pleasing. An easy way to remove this is too soak in a solution of white vinegar and water. Be sure to rinse all the vinegar off before using.

Suspended stuff in your glass This is caused by sediment. It is common in well water using pumps, and in older homes and neighbor hoods. This can easily removed by your water ionizers internal sediment filter(with ionizers such as AlkaViva Jupiter Athena JS205 water ionizer or AlkaViva Vesta GL 988 water ionizer), or with our External Sediment and Bacteria Reduction Cartridge.(contact us if interested)

Green stains on sinks and fixtures Green stains in your sink or on other household fixtures is caused by acidic water with a pH of 6.8 or lower reacting with brass and copper pipes and fittings. Your best bet is to hire a plumber to update these to a more modern system.

Red or yellowish water If water is clear when first poured but turns yellowish or reddish after 24 hours of standing time, there is un-dissolved iron in your water. If it is yellow or reddish when at first poured but clears up after 24 hours then there is dissolved iron in your source water. Iron is a big concern with water ionizers as it can directly cause damage to your ionizer’s electrolysis system. In either case we would recommend using our UltraWater ionized water filter or with an External water prefilter Cartridge.(contact us if interested)

Black tint to water A black tint to water that clears up after 24 hours of standing is usually dissolved manganese. This is easily removed with our UltraWater ionized water filter or with an External water prefilter Cartridge.(contact us if interested) Blacking, pitting, and tarnishing of metal sinks, pipes, and utensils. The blackening, pitting, and tarnishing of metal sinks, pipes, and utensils is caused by chlorides and sulfates (salts) or hydrogen sulfide gas. Both are removed using our UltraWater ionized water filter or with an External water prefilter Cartridge.(contact us if interested)

Milky water If your water looks milky after ionization don’t worry, this is caused by the ionization process and is a sign of both the high alkalinity and the micro clustering. Micro clustering creates air pockets that can make water look milky. The increase in alkaline minerals can also cause this effect. This list in no way can replace the results of full water work up done in a laboratory environment, but can help to troubleshoot quickly and at no cost. All of the external pre-filters that we provide require a pre-filter housing, and these housings can be run in sequence if there is more than one concern.

Do I have hard or soft water? What’s the difference?

Contact us to find out EXACTLY how hard your water is

Original article by snyderhealth.com